Osteoarthritis of the Knee

Osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee is a common condition, and given the ageing population will be an even more prevalent problem in the future. It is often described as a “wear and tear” problem. This is certainly the case but it is more complex than this. For example, amongst other things, there may be contributory factors such as heredity, obesity and previous injury.

Pain is the most common complaint, although stiffness, instability and deformity are also common presentations. Symptoms are normally felt during activity. Relief from pain may be obtained by resting, at least initially. In more advanced cases the pain can even be present at rest.

Non Surgical Treatment

  • Modifying your activities, e.g. changing from high impact to low impact activities
  • Weight loss if overweight
  • Painkillers such as paracetamol
  • Non Steroidal Anti-inflammatory medication - advice should be sought from your general practitioner as whether these are suitable for your specific situation.
  • Physiotherapy can help maintain strength and range of motion
  • Walking aids such as canes and walking frames

Surgical Treatment

  • Osteotomy to realign the leg
  • Unicompartmental (partial) Knee Replacement
  • Total Knee Replacement
During a consultation I undertake a thorough assessment of your specific knee problem, taking into consideration the treatments you may have already undertaken. In some cases, a Total Knee Replacement may be considered an appropriate option. Because every patient must make a fully informed decision whether to undergo surgery, the risks, benefits, and expectations will be discussed with you.

Osteoarthritis of the Knee

Fig 350 - Sagittal section of right knee-joint.
Henry Gray. Anatomy of the Human Body. 1918.

  Any surgical or invasive procedure carries risks. The information provided here is for general educational purposes only and not to be taken as specific advice. Please contact Dr Kiyork's rooms if you have any further questions about osteoarthritis of the knee, partial knee replacements or total knee replacements.

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